Upgrading Ubuntu 12.04 To 14.04 With Limited Bandwidth04 Sep 2014
Upgrading Ubuntu at work can make you rather unpopular, as the Internet bandwidth is fully utilised downloading all the updates to packages you have long since forgotten that you installed.
It also takes time, time that you should be working rather than upgrading your computer.
For these reasons I like to trickle download the upgrade over a day and only perform the actual upgrade once all the packages are ready, typically the following morning.
This is how I performed my low-bandwidth upgrade…
N.B. This is not the official or recommended way of upgrading between Ubuntu versions. Specifically my method involves manually disabling some repositories and updating others to the new release. This would normally be done by the do-release-upgrade program itself. It works for me, but please do be aware that you are deviating slightly from the official method.
Step 1: Disable 3rd Party Repositories
Launch the Ubuntu Software Centre and from the menu select Edit followed by Software Sources. Under the Other Software tab please untick all active repositories.
(This step should in any case be done automatically by step 4).
Step 2: Update Repositories
/etc/apt/sources.list and replace all occurrences of ”precise”
with “trusty”. If you are of a brave disposition, the following command
should do this for you:
$ sudo sed -i.bak 's/precise/trusty/g' sources.list
(This will create a copy of sources.list to sources.list.bak, in case you wish to reverse this.)
Step 3: Download Packages
Still in the terminal, type:
$ sudo apt-get updatesudo apt-get -o Acquire::http::Dl-Limit=64 -d dist-upgrade
The 64 will limit the bandwidth to 64 Kbps, please adjust to suit your available bandwidth. The “-d” will instruct apt-get to merely download the packages and not to install them.
I believe this stage can be aborted with Ctrl+C at any time and run again, until such time as all the required packages are downloaded.
Step 4: Upgrade
Still in the terminal, I tend to use GNU Screen for extra resilience, type:
$ sudo do-release-upgrade
I am typing this on my newly upgraded 14.04 installation, after a clean and trouble-free reboot and an entirely fault-free upgrade.
The truly astonishing aspect to an upgrade is the fact that the computer remains largely usable throughout. I lost my fonts briefly in one application during Step 4, but otherwise I was able to work normally. It didn’t even seem to be slowing my computer down greatly, although this is a fairly powerful workhorse, so your mileage may vary.
Please do comment, if you feel I’ve left anything out in the above, or indeed if you have found it useful.
Good luck with your upgrade.